Information Technology and Business


In Perú, there are more than 12 thousand users of the Internet connected through the Peruvian Scientific Net (Red Científica Peruana), and that figure may increase by five times by the end of the year. Development of telecommunications in Peru goes hand-in-hand with world-wide information development, which has led to an actual revolution in business organization and in the concept of business itself as well as among general public.


Information technology has undoubtedly changed the business world. Today, with the Internet linking more than 45 million users around the world, a click is all you need to make a buy, but you can also sell. Your customers might be beyond our districts, provinces and even country borderlines. For example, a popular street vendor of the well-known Gamarra zone, as well as a small or medium-size company, may sell t-shirts and compete with an American woman offering the same t-shirts at 80 dollars. The only thing he/she will need is to have a multimedia showcase through RCP to show his/her products and directly supply orders to anywhere in the world. Products such as tourism, hotels, airplane tickets may be sold and transactions in the real estate market may also be done. In the editing market, you can not think about expansion goals without a local and international electronic linkage, a reality actually being experienced in Peru already.   A magazine or newspaper may be published at minimum costs, only the market scale changes. For example, if a newspaper has 50 thousand or 100 thousand readers in Perú, posted in the Internet it may reach a 45 million market of interconnected people. Just 1 percent of that market will already mean an outstanding jump. With the incoming XXI century, you can not think of businesses that work without a great variety of computing tools. Sometime ago many people may have passed over or rejected computers, thinking that they would simply be missing a machine for invoice automatization or neater report presentation, and that ignoring it would not represent a significant disadvantage regarding competition. Today, this position is reckless, since to be apart from the computing world may represent beinh some light-years late.

No borderlines

Through the Internet, you are able to post an advertisement without incurring in many expenses. For the government, being connected to all its embassies through the Internet will be easier than being linked by an international cable; and the Internet security levels are rather higher. There are governments which have retained international cable services for 1 million dollars a month to have electronic mail with all its embassies. Using the Internet, they could have a better service and a connection with the whole world. For a company, only its savings in commercial correspondence through electronic mail may reach unbelievable figures.

To connect yourself to the Internet through RCP
You only need to have a computer, a modem and a telephone line. Software is free and in Spanish. It is the only Latin American net offering software in Spanish running not only in IBM computers, but also in any other system, like Macintosh. It means that you do not need a particular operation system because it may run in any system.
  Whether you are an individual or a body corporate, to become an Internet user through the Peruvian Scientific Net, you do not need to break your finances. An individual can access with a 40 dollars registration and 20 dollars a month; companies can register with 500 to 1200 dollars, according their options and needs.
RCP Projects
Last june, the RCP created in Lima a consortium of Andean nets which integrated to the nets of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile and Perú aims at creating the necessary connections so that information generated in Latin America can flow among the members of the region without intermediaries. Nowadays, it flows within the United States and it is very expensive, 40 or 60% more expensive. On the other hand, there are about 50 lines in the net such as those of Universidad de Lima, San Marcos, La Católica, Ricardo Palma, and companies like Cofide, Cosapi, Apple del Perú, Enrique Lulli, etc., all of them engaged in rendering services to thirds.

Regarding universities, they provide services to their students but also to thirds as part of their policies of social work.

Today, around 12 thousand people are users of the net, and a growth of around 60 thousand is expected by the end of the year.

  This growth is consistent with the Internet’s, whose number of affiliates is more than 40 million and its growth rate is near 200 thousand a month. Perú is one of the countries that took more time to get connected to the Internet. But here the net is different from other nets in Latin America.

The goals of the net were since the very beginning: to foster information exchange at regional, local and international levels in order to develop telecommunications.

To achieve these goals, an association was created which on December 10, 1991 installed the first UUCP node: a technology allowing to use electronic mail by phone.

At present, RCP links more than 700 public and private institutions, armed forces, commercial organizations, universities, NGOs, among others.

Source: 1/2 de Cambio, September 95

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