Information Producers


4.1  Technology:

         4.1a  United States:

U.S. National Intelligence is a major force behind studies on the current status of IT and telecommunications technology in Latin America.  The National Research Defense Institution of the Rand Corporation held three international conferences on the topic of Information Technology in 1999 and 2000 as part of a study for the U.S. National Intelligence Agency.  Summaries of the proceedings of those conferences provided much of the information included in this report and constitute a comprehensive and detailed analysis of technology in Latin America.  The Rand Corporation has also published several analyses on other issues related to technology in Latin America, including sources on “netwar” and the use of digital technologies by drug cartels.

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has also collected significant statistics on technology in the developing world as part of its 2001 Human Development Report. While the work done by  U.S. intelligence seems to be interested in analyzing the current obstacles to and prospects for technology development around the globe, the United Nations is specifically interested in how technology might be used to alleviate particular development problems.

Wired magazine is a good source of up-to-the minute reports on individual country technology issues, especially relative to IT and telecommunications.  It tends to focus more on the “successful” technology countries-Mexico, Brazil, Argentina-although it does include some updates on other countries as well.

4.1b  Latin America:

Independent research centers focused specifically on questions of technology have been somewhat slow to emerge in Latin America.  As noted above, originally technology R&D was pursued by the public university system, but the quickening pace of technological advances and the increasing ties between the region and its northern neighbors has stimulated the emergence of new initiatives.  Often these initiatives incorporate private industry representatives, technology experts, policymakers, and foreign consultants. To date, the best example appears to be the Peruvian Scientific Net (RCP) founded by Jose Soriano, which has since been integrated into larger regional and global technology networks.  However, even in these contexts much of the work on technology in the region appears to come from collaborations with U.S. scholars or international initiatives.

4.2  Social Sciences

            4.2a  United States:

Research on Latin America conducted in the U.S. falls within two categories: that pursued by state/multinational agencies (i.e., U.S. Department of Defense or Education; the United Nations) and independent academic, research institutions.  The information provided by the U.S and multilateral agencies (see for example the CIA page at or the UNDP human development report indexes at tend to provide detailed, frequently-updated statistical information on the region, usually organized on a by-country basis.  This type of research provides essential background information on political systems, economic activities and national production, income, demographics, etc.  However, it does not necessarily provide analysis on the meaning of these figures.  The UNDP Human Development Report does provide a comprehensive analysis of its indexical information, and that information is ranked relative to the rest of the world for further context. 

Within academia, several institutions demonstrate a clear concentration of resources and researchers.  The University of Texas at Austin is by far the largest and best institutional site for research on Latin America, including an enormous library and substantial faculty across several disciplines whose work focuses centrally on Latin America exclusively and/or Latin America-U.S. relations.  The University of Texas’ website provides a wealth of information on both U.S. and Latin American-based research, commercial, cultural, and political institutions, plus statistics, maps, and other important reference materials (see 

            Other research institutions responsible for publishing a wide variety of work on Latin America are the North-South Center at the University of Florida at Miami.  That center has sponsored several conferences on issues of Latin American economics and politics.  Also, theWoodrow Wilson Center has organized and sponsored research on Latin American politics in particular. 

            4.2b  Latin America

            Within Latin America, the independent research institution that stands out as the leader in the sponsorship and publishing of scholarly work on Latin America is FLACSO, based in Santiago, Chile, but with sites throughout Latin America.  FLACSO sets annual research agendas and funds research projects throughout the hemisphere that seek to address those problematics.  FLACSO publishes work by both Latin American academics and practitioners, usually focusing on issues central to social change, inequality, and politics.

            The public universities in Latin America are another source of scholarship on the region; however, their impact is quite varied based on the large differences in institutional strength and resources across the region.  In many Latin American countries, the public university system has been the site of some of the most stinging social analysis.  For that same reason, it has been the victim of widespread political repression and censorship.  Therefore, scholarly traditions vary based on both the historical legacy of a particular institution and the particular context of production. 

Aquí están, estos son …

Por José Soriano
Sin las redes nacionales INTERNET no sería lo que es ni tendría la misma utilidad que hoy disfrutamos. Es gracias al esfuerzo y la pasión de miles de personas que gestaron la plataforma local en su difícil inicio que hoy podemos aprovechar su alcance global. En el caso de América Latina en la mayoría de los casos los gobiernos estuvieron ausentes y todo dependió de la pasión y esfuerzo de unos pocos. A pesar de eso aún hoy se piensa en Internet como una red centralizada en los Estados Unidos olvidando sus capacidades inclusivas y distribuídas de alcance global. Si hablamos de pioneros en la región seguro que no están todos los que son, pero contando con su ayuda pronto la mayoría estarán incluídos.

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Ermanno Pietrosemoli has set a new record for the longest communication Wi-Fi link .

Posted by Michael Kanellos

ermannominiatura.jpegResearcher Ermanno Pietrosemoli has set what appears to be a new record for the longest communication link with Wi-Fi.

Pietrosemoli, president of the Escuela Latinoamerica de Redes (which means networking school of Latin America) established a Wi-Fi link between two computers located in El Aguila and Platillon Mountain, Venezuela. That’s a distance of 382 kilometers, or 238 miles. He used technology from Intel, which is concocting its own long-range Wi-Fi equipment, and some off-the-shelf parts. Pietrosemoli gets about 3 megabits per second in each direction on his long range connections.

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Rafael (Lito)Ibarra / El Salvador

Línea histórica de Internet en Argentina


Julián Dunayevich, Nicolas Baumgarten, Alberto Oscar Mendelzon, Jorge Amodio, Mauricio Fernandez

mendioroz-copy.jpg estela.jpgbanuel.gifetorres.jpg

Carlos Mendioroz Estela Barone Alicia Bañuelos y Eduardo Torres


Javier Diaz Emma Perez Roberto Bebilaqua, Mariano(baby)Absatz

img_2228.JPG Por José Soriano
La mayoría de las veces la tecnología es usada por la gente para hacer cosas que los creadores de la misma no sabían que podían hacerse con ella. El mejor ejemplo de esto ha sido y sigue siendo Internet. La red de redes se inició en los Estados Unidos como un proyecto científico de la guerra fría. Pero pronto llego a todos los rincones de la tierra. Fundamentalmente porque había sido diseñada para utilizarse con cualquier fin, limitando a sus usuarios lo menos posible. Ésta es una de las ventajas de una plataforma abierta: se hace para permitir, y no para controlar; y no intenta anticiparse a lo que pueda hacerse con ella.

El otro componente esencial fué el esfuerzo de pioneros locales que construyeron las redes nacionales. Debemos estar orgullosos de ello. La red de redes es sin duda el recurso obligado donde se encuentra casi cualquier tipo de información. Esa información se ha construido en base al esfuerzo de personas reales que muchas veces sin recursos se han preocupado de reflejar la realidad nacional. En este documento intentaremos elaborar una línea histórica que incorpora las fechas y protagonistas de Argentina. Luego seguiremos construyendo la misma línea histórica del resto de los países de la región.

Esta cronología tiene como motivo recopilar el avance vertiginoso con que se incorporó Internet en la Argentina.

Por favor le ruego reportar todas las inexactitudes que se encuentren. Gracias.

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TWiki acerca de la Red Académica Nacional Argentina o el CCC

julianminiatura.jpg exactas-b.jpg nicominiatura.jpg

Cuando hace un mes se me ocurrió iniciar la publicación de la historia de Internet por sus protagonistas Julián y Nicolas, compinches en miles de andanzas, me proporcionaron algunos documentos de la red argentina. Luego Nicolas Baumgarten inició un interesante sitio, TWiki, que reúne una colección de todos documentos de la RAN, Red Académica Nacional de Argentina, que estaba ubicada en la ciudad universitaria, el famoso DCFCEN en la UBA, la Universidad de Buenos Aires. :

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CENIAI Red Academica de Mensajeria e Informacion Electronica

2-jesus-martinez.jpg Dr. Jesús Martínez Martínez

CENIAI Red Academica de Mensajeria e Informacion Electronica

QUE ES EL CENIAI? CENIAI son las siglas del Centro de Intercambio Automatizado de Informacion, division del Instituto de Documentacion e Informacion Cientifica y Tecnica (IDICT) del Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnologia y Medio Ambiente de la Republica de Cuba.

CENIAI se ocupa, fundamentalmente, de la administracion, mantenimiento y desarrollo de una Red de Mensajeria e Informacion Electronica dirigida al sector academico, con cobertura nacional e internacional. Para mayor informacion contacte con:

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